Database Internel Architecture: SQLite

Introduction A database is an essential part of building a software system which used to store and read data efficiently. Here, We are going to discuss some architectural details of database implementation by using an early version of SQLite. SQLite is a small database application which used in millions of software and devices. SQLite invented by D.Richard Hipp in August 2000. SQLite is a high performance, lightweight relational database. If you are willing to learn internal of a database in coding level, then SQLite is the best open source database available out there with highly readable source code with lots of documentation. Reading later versions of SQLite become a little harder since it contains lots of new features. In order to understand the basic implementation of database internals, You should have good knowledge about data structures, some knowledge about Theory of Computing and how an operating system works. Here we are looking into the SQLite 2.5.0 version. Here below yo…

Gentle Introduction to the Envoy Proxy and Load-balancing

For a devops engineer, load balancing is a popular word. You need to figure out a way to scale the system so that it can manage it correctly when enormous traffic enters your system. One alternative is to boost the running single node’s efficiency. Adding more nodes and distributing the job among these nodes is another option. Having many nodes has another high availability added benefit. Envoy proxy is a proxy service that in the growing trend has been used as a service mesh. In this blog post, we’ll see the load balancing aspect of the Envoy Proxy. Load Balancers Load balancers is an endpoint that listens to the request that comes into the computation cluster. When application enters the Load Balancer, it checks for accessible worker nodes and distributes requests among worker nodes. Load balancer has the following characteristics. Service Discovery: Check available worker nodesHealth check: Regularly inspect worker nodes health.Load balancing: Distribute the request between the wor…

Weird Programming Languages

There are thousands of programming languages are invented and only about hundred of programming languages are commonly used to build software. Among this thousands of programming languages, there are some weird type of programming languages can be also found. These programming languages are seems to be called weird, since their programming syntax and the way it represent its code. In this blog we will look into some of these language syntax. Legit Have you ever wonder, when you come to a Github project that print hello world program, but you cannot see any codes or any content. Check this link and you will see nothing in this repository. But trust me, there is hidden code in this project. If you see the commit section, you can reveal the magic. Yeah, you are right. Its storing hello world code in inside the git commit history. If you clone this project and run the following command, then you can see the hidden code in this project. git log --graph…

Deploy Your First Application in Docker Swarm

In this post we will go through the basic concept of the Docker Swarm and have some hands on experience of deploying application on Docker Swarm. You need to have basic knowledge about Containers to follow this post. Here, an article that describe the basic of the Docker Container. Having only single container for each service is not good when it comes to the production environment since we also need high availability when one node is down. If one node is down, then there should be another node to take over the load to that particular service. Docker Swarm gives you an elegant way to handle multiple container. Docker Swarm control following functionalities for you to deploy containers easily. Health Checks on the ContainersLaunching a fixed set of Containers for a particular Docker imageScaling the number of Containers up and down depending on the loadPerforming rolling update of software across containers A Node is an instance of the Docker engine participating in the swarm. Worker No…

Basic Concepts of the Kubernetes

Handling large software which has multiple services is a tedious, time-consuming task for DevOps engineer. Microservices comes into the rescue DevOps engineers from all these complicated deployment processes. Simply, each microservice in the system has it own responsibility to handle one specific task. The container can be used to deploy each of these micro-tasks as a unit of service. If you are not that familiar with Containers, read this article to get to know about Docker, Which is the most popular and widely used container technology to deploy microservices.

As I described early, we can use single container to deploy a single service and container contain all required configurations and dependencies. Single service always faces a common problem of a single point of failure. In order to avoid single point failure, we need to set up another service such that if one service is getting down, next available service takes that load and continue to provide the service. Another requirem…

Docker Lifecycle And Useful Docker Commands

Maintaining a large software application is not that easy task since it may have lots of dependencies and OS related configurations. What if you can create an OS image which already contains required libraries and configurations that needs to run your application? Then that would be really easy for software deployer to deploy their application easily on a cloud without doing a tedious task of setting up an OS environment. One possible solution to overcome this problem is to use a Virtual Machine. You can install all libraries, setting up configurations and take an image. When you need to deploy the application, you can simply start the machine with that image. A VM provide complete low-level machine to run an Operating System. But it does not perform faster due to VM’s operational overhead. In this case Container technology comes to rescue. Containers vs VMs VM is nothing more than a computer that executes a program. VM is running on top of software which called Hypervisor. Here, the…